DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
|3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
|Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]
|DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
|DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Derivative financial instruments are recorded in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as either an asset or a liability (in other assets or other liabilities, respectively) and measured at fair value.
Derivative financial instruments can be designated as accounting hedges under GAAP. Designating a derivative as an accounting hedge allows Huntington to recognize gains and losses on the hedging instruments in the income statement line item where the gains and losses on the hedged item are recognized. Gains and losses on derivatives that are not designated in an effective hedge relationship under GAAP immediately impact earnings within the period they occur.
The following table presents the fair values and notional values of all derivative instruments included in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. Amounts in the table below are presented gross without the impact of any net collateral arrangements.
The following table presents the amount of gain or loss recognized in income for derivatives not designated as hedging instruments under ASC Subtopic 815-10 in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Income Statement for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Derivatives used in asset and liability management activities
Huntington engages in balance sheet hedging activity, principally for asset and liability management purposes. Balance sheet hedging activity is generally arranged to receive hedge accounting treatment that can be classified as either fair value or cash flow hedges. Fair value hedges are executed to hedge changes in fair value of outstanding fixed-rate debt and investment securities caused by fluctuations in market interest rates. Cash flow hedges are
executed to modify interest rate characteristics of designated commercial loans in order to reduce the impact of changes in future cash flows due to market interest rate changes.
The following table presents the gross notional values of derivatives used in Huntington’s asset and liability management activities at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, identified by the underlying interest rate-sensitive instruments.
These derivative financial instruments were entered into for the purpose of managing the interest rate risk of assets and liabilities. Net amounts receivable or payable on contracts hedging either interest earning assets or interest bearing liabilities were accrued as an adjustment to either interest income or interest expense. Also, recorded as an adjustment to interest income were the amounts related to the amortization of floors and forward-starting floors that were excluded from the hedge effectiveness, changes in the fair value of economic hedges, as well as the amounts related to terminated hedges reclassified from AOCI. The net amounts resulted in an increase (decrease) to net interest income of $225 million and $16 million for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021, and 2020, respectively.
Fair Value Hedges
The changes in fair value of the fair value hedges are recorded through earnings and offset against changes in the fair value of the hedged item.
Huntington has designated $2.8 billion of interest rate swaps as fair value hedges of fixed-rate investment securities using the last-of-layer method. This approach allows the Company to designate as the hedged item a stated amount of the assets that are not expected to be affected by prepayments, defaults and other factors affecting the timing and amount of cash flows. The fair value basis adjustment on our hedged mortgage-backed securities is included in available-for-sale securities on our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition.
The following table presents the change in fair value for derivatives designated as fair value hedges as well as the offsetting change in fair value on the hedged item for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
(1)Recognized in Interest income—available-for-sale securities—taxable in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(2)Recognized in Interest expense—long-term debt in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
As of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, the following amounts were recorded on the balance sheet related to cumulative basis adjustments for fair value hedges.
(1)Amounts include the amortized cost basis of closed portfolios used to designate hedging relationships in which the hedged item is the last layer expected to be remaining at the end of the hedging relationship. As of March 31, 2021, the amortized cost basis of the closed portfolios used in these hedging relationships was $5.3 billion, the cumulative basis adjustments associated with these hedging relationships was $1 million, and the amounts of the designated hedged items were $2.8 billion.
The cumulative amount of fair value hedging adjustments remaining for any hedged assets and liabilities for which hedge accounting has been discontinued was $(50) million and $(62) million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
Cash Flow Hedges
At March 31, 2021, Huntington has $16.4 billion of interest rate floors, floor spreads and swaps. These are designated as cash flow hedges for variable rate commercial loans indexed to LIBOR. The change in the fair value of a derivative instrument designated as a cash flow hedge is initially recognized in OCI and is reclassified into income when the hedged item impacts earnings. The initial premium paid for the interest rate floor contracts represents the time value of the contracts and is not included in the measurement of hedge effectiveness. Any change in fair value related to time value is recognized in OCI. The initial premium paid is amortized on a straight line basis as a reduction to interest income over the contractual life of these contracts.
Gains and (losses) on interest rate floors, floor spreads, and swaps recognized in other comprehensive income were $(34) million and $308 million for the three-months periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Derivatives used in mortgage banking activities
Mortgage loan origination hedging activity
Huntington’s mortgage origination hedging activity is related to economically hedging Huntington’s mortgage pricing commitments to customers and the secondary sale to third parties. The value of a newly originated mortgage is not firm until the interest rate is committed or locked. Forward commitments to sell economically hedge the possible loss on interest rate lock commitments due to interest rate change. The net asset position of these derivatives at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 are $65 million and $26 million, respectively. At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, Huntington had commitments to sell residential real estate loans of $2.9 billion and $2.9 billion, respectively. These contracts mature in less than one year.
MSR hedging activity
Huntington’s MSR economic hedging activity uses securities and derivatives to manage the value of the MSR asset and to mitigate the various types of risk inherent in the MSR asset, including risks related to duration, basis, convexity, volatility, and yield curve. The hedging instruments include forward commitments, TBA securities, Treasury futures contracts, interest rate swaps, and options on interest rate swaps.
The notional value of the derivative financial instruments, the corresponding net asset (liability) position recognized in other assets and/or other liabilities, and net trading gains (losses) related to MSR hedging activity is summarized in the following table:
MSR hedging trading assets and liabilities are included in other assets and other liabilities, respectively, in the Unaudited Condensed Balance Sheets. Trading gains (losses) are included in mortgage banking income in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income.
Derivatives used in customer related activities
Various derivative financial instruments are offered to enable customers to meet their financing and investing objectives and for their risk management purposes. Derivative financial instruments used in trading activities consist of commodity, interest rate, and foreign exchange contracts. Huntington enters into offsetting third-party contracts with approved, reputable counterparties with substantially matching terms and currencies in order to economically hedge significant exposure related to derivatives used in trading activities.
The interest rate or price risk of customer derivatives is mitigated by entering into similar derivatives having offsetting terms with other counterparties. The credit risk to these customers is evaluated and included in the calculation of fair value. Foreign currency derivatives help the customer hedge risk and reduce exposure to fluctuations in exchange rates. Transactions are primarily in liquid currencies with Canadian dollars and Euros comprising a majority of all transactions. Commodity derivatives help the customer hedge risk and reduce exposure to fluctuations in the price of various commodities. Hedging of energy-related products and base metals comprise the majority of these transactions.
The net fair values of these derivative financial instruments, for which the gross amounts are included in other assets or other liabilities at both March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, were $73 million and $70 million, respectively. The total notional values of derivative financial instruments used by Huntington on behalf of customers, including offsetting derivatives, were $46 billion and $37 billion at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Huntington’s credit risk from customer derivatives was $593 million and $882 million at the same dates, respectively.
Financial assets and liabilities that are offset in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
Huntington records derivatives at fair value as further described in Note 11 “Fair Values of Assets and Liabilities”.
Derivative balances are presented on a net basis taking into consideration the effects of legally enforceable master netting agreements. Additionally, collateral exchanged with counterparties is also netted against the applicable derivative fair values. Huntington enters into derivative transactions with two primary groups: broker-dealers and banks, and Huntington’s customers. Different methods are utilized for managing counterparty credit exposure and credit risk for each of these groups.
Huntington enters into transactions with broker-dealers and banks for various risk management purposes. These types of transactions generally are high dollar volume. Huntington enters into collateral and master netting agreements with these counterparties, and routinely exchanges cash and high quality securities collateral.
Huntington enters into transactions with customers to meet their financing, investing, payment and risk management needs. These types of transactions generally are low dollar volume. Huntington enters into master netting agreements with customer counterparties; however, collateral is generally not exchanged with customer counterparties.
In addition to the customer derivative credit exposure, aggregate credit risk associated with broker-dealer and bank derivative transactions, net of collateral that has been pledged by the counterparty, was $420 million and $175 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The credit risk associated with derivatives is calculated after considering master netting agreements.
At March 31, 2021, Huntington pledged $69 million of investment securities and cash collateral to counterparties, while other counterparties pledged $434 million of investment securities and cash collateral to Huntington to satisfy collateral netting agreements. In the event of credit downgrades, Huntington would not be required to provide additional collateral.
The following tables present the gross amounts of these assets and liabilities with any offsets to arrive at the net amounts recognized in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.