DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]|
|DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS||
DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Derivative financial instruments are recorded in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as either an asset or a liability (in other assets or other liabilities, respectively) and measured at fair value.
Derivative financial instruments can be designated as accounting hedges under GAAP. Designating a derivative as an accounting hedge allows Huntington to recognize gains and losses, less any ineffectiveness, in the income statement within the same period that the hedged item affects earnings. Gains and losses on derivatives that are not designated to an effective hedge relationship under GAAP immediately impact earnings within the period they occur.
The following table presents the fair values of all derivative instruments included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017. Amounts in the table below are presented gross without the impact of any net collateral arrangements.
The following table presents the amount of gain or loss recognized in income for derivatives not designated as hedging instruments under ASC Subtopic 815-10 in the Condensed Consolidated Income Statement for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Derivatives used in Asset and Liability Management Activities
Huntington engages in balance sheet hedging activity, principally for asset liability management purposes, to convert fixed rate assets or liabilities into floating rate or vice versa. Balance sheet hedging activity is arranged to receive hedge accounting treatment and is classified as either fair value or cash flow hedges. Fair value hedges are executed to convert fixed-rate liabilities to floating rate. Cash flow hedges are also used to convert floating rate assets into fixed rate assets.
The following table presents the gross notional values of derivatives used in Huntington’s asset and liability management activities at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, identified by the underlying interest rate-sensitive instruments:
The following table presents additional information about the interest rate swaps used in Huntington’s asset and liability management activities at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017:
These derivative financial instruments were entered into for the purpose of managing the interest rate risk of assets and liabilities. Consequently, net amounts receivable or payable on contracts hedging either interest earning assets or interest bearing liabilities were accrued as an adjustment to either interest income or interest expense. The net amounts resulted in an increase (decrease) to net interest income of $(36) million, $23 million, and $72 million for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017, and 2016, respectively.
During the second quarter of 2018, Huntington terminated $2.9 billion (notional value) of liability conversion swaps subsequent to de-designating these swaps as fair value hedges. The adjusted basis of the hedged item at termination was recorded as a loss of $149 million, which is being amortized over the remaining life of the long-term debt using the effective yield method. Cash payments to counterparties resulting from termination of interest rate swaps are classified as operating activities in our Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.
Fair Value Hedges
The changes in fair value of the fair value hedges are recorded through earnings and offset against changes in the fair value of the hedged item.
The following table presents the change in fair value for derivatives designated as fair value hedges as well as the offsetting change in fair value on the hedged item:
As of December 31, 2018, the following amounts were recorded on the balance sheet related to cumulative basis adjustments for fair value hedges.
The cumulative amount of fair value hedging adjustments remaining for any hedged assets and liabilities for which hedge accounting has been discontinued is $(127) million at December 31, 2018.
Derivatives used in mortgage banking activities
Huntington’s mortgage origination hedging activity is related to the hedging of the mortgage pricing commitments to customers and the secondary sale to third parties. The value of a newly originated mortgage is not firm until the interest rate is committed or locked. Forward commitments to sell economically hedge the possible loss on interest rate lock commitments due to interest rate change. The net asset (liability) position of these derivatives at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are $(4) million and $7 million, respectively. At December 31, 2018 and 2017, Huntington had commitments to sell securities collateralized by mortgage loans of $0.8 billion and $0.7 billion, respectively. These contracts mature in less than one year.
Derivatives used in municipal bond underwriting
Interest rate futures contracts are used to offset interest rate exposure of the broker-dealer underwriting inventory. These derivative financial instruments are recorded on the consolidated balance sheets as trading account securities and the related net gain associated is recorded in capital market fees on the Consolidated Statement of Income. These derivatives are not designated as hedging instruments. The total notional of these derivative financial instruments at December 31, 2018 was $11 million and had a fair value of less than $1 million.
Derivatives used in customer related activities
Various derivative financial instruments are offered to enable customers to meet their financing and investing objectives and for their risk management purposes. Derivative financial instruments used in trading activities consist of commodity, interest rate, and foreign exchange contracts. Huntington enters into offsetting third-party contracts with approved, reputable counterparties with substantially matching terms and currencies in order to economically hedge significant exposure related to derivatives used in trading activities.
The interest rate or price risk of customer derivatives is mitigated by entering into similar derivatives having offsetting terms with other counterparties. The credit risk to these customers is evaluated and included in the calculation of fair value. Foreign currency derivatives help the customer hedge risk and reduce exposure to fluctuations in exchange rates. Transactions are primarily in liquid currencies with Canadian dollars and Euros comprising a majority of all transactions. Commodity derivatives help the customer hedge risk and reduce exposure to fluctuations in the price of various commodities. Hedging of energy-related products and base metals comprise the majority of all transactions.
The net fair values of these derivative financial instruments, for which the gross amounts are included in other assets or other liabilities at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, were $92 million and $88 million, respectively. The total notional values of derivative financial instruments used by Huntington on behalf of customers, including offsetting derivatives, were $26 billion and $22 billion at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Huntington’s credit risk from customer derivatives was $132 million and $119 million at the same dates, respectively.
In connection with the sale of Huntington’s Class B Visa® shares, Huntington entered into a swap agreement with the purchaser of the shares. The swap agreement adjusts for dilution in the conversion ratio of Class B shares resulting from changes in the Visa® litigation. In connection with the FirstMerit acquisition, Huntington acquired an additional Visa® related swap agreement. At December 31, 2018, the combined fair value of the swap liabilities of $3 million is an estimate of the exposure liability based upon Huntington’s assessment of the potential Visa® litigation losses and timing of the litigation settlement.
Financial assets and liabilities that are offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
Huntington records derivatives at fair value as further described in Note 17.
Derivative balances are presented on a net basis taking into consideration the effects of legally enforceable master netting agreements. Additionally, collateral exchanged with counterparties is also netted against the applicable derivative fair values. Huntington enters into derivative transactions with two primary groups: broker-dealers and banks, and Huntington’s customers. Different methods are utilized for managing counterparty credit exposure and credit risk for each of these groups.
Huntington enters into transactions with broker-dealers and banks for various risk management purposes. These types of transactions generally are high dollar volume. Huntington enters into collateral and master netting agreements with these counterparties, and routinely exchanges cash and high quality securities collateral. Huntington enters into transactions with customers to meet their financing, investing, payment and risk management needs. These types of transactions generally are low dollar volume. Huntington enters into master netting agreements with customer counterparties, however collateral is generally not exchanged with customer counterparties.
At December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, aggregate credit risk associated with derivatives, net of collateral that has been pledged by the counterparty, was $37 million and $30 million, respectively. The credit risk associated with interest rate swaps is calculated after considering master netting agreements with broker-dealers and banks.
At December 31, 2018, Huntington pledged $45 million of investment securities and cash collateral to counterparties, while other counterparties pledged $144 million of investment securities and cash collateral to Huntington to satisfy collateral netting agreements. In the event of credit downgrades, Huntington would not be required to provide additional collateral.
The following tables present the gross amounts of these assets and liabilities with any offsets to arrive at the net amounts recognized in the Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017:
The entire disclosure for derivative instruments and hedging activities including, but not limited to, risk management strategies, non-hedging derivative instruments, assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and methodologies and assumptions used in determining the amounts.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef