DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2017
|Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]|
|DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS||
DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Derivative financial instruments are recorded in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as either an asset or a liability (in accrued income and other assets or accrued expenses and other liabilities, respectively) and measured at fair value.
Derivative financial instruments can be designated as accounting hedges under GAAP. Designating a derivative as an accounting hedge allows Huntington to recognize gains and losses, less any ineffectiveness, in the income statement within the same period that the hedged item affects earnings. Gains and losses on derivatives that are not designated to an effective hedge relationship under GAAP immediately impact earnings within the period they occur.
Derivatives used in Asset and Liability Management Activities
Huntington engages in balance sheet hedging activity, principally for asset liability management purposes, to convert fixed rate assets or liabilities into floating rate or vice versa. Balance sheet hedging activity is arranged to receive hedge accounting treatment and is classified as either fair value or cash flow hedges. Fair value hedges are purchased to convert deposits and subordinated and other long-term debt from fixed-rate obligations to floating rate. Cash flow hedges are also used to convert floating rate loans made to customers into fixed rate loans.
The following table presents the gross notional values of derivatives used in Huntington’s asset and liability management activities at March 31, 2017, identified by the underlying interest rate-sensitive instruments:
The following table presents additional information about the interest rate swaps used in Huntington’s asset and liability management activities at March 31, 2017:
These derivative financial instruments were entered into for the purpose of managing the interest rate risk of assets and liabilities. Consequently, net amounts receivable or payable on contracts hedging either interest earning assets or interest bearing liabilities were accrued as an adjustment to either interest income or interest expense. The net amounts resulted in an increase to net interest income of $10 million and $21 million for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2017, and 2016, respectively.
In connection with the sale of Huntington’s Class B Visa® shares, Huntington entered into a swap agreement with the purchaser of the shares. The swap agreement adjusts for dilution in the conversion ratio of Class B shares resulting from the Visa® litigation. At March 31, 2017, the fair value of the swap liability of $6 million is an estimate of the exposure liability based upon Huntington’s assessment of the potential Visa® litigation losses.
The following table presents the fair values at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 of Huntington’s derivatives that are designated and not designated as hedging instruments. Amounts in the table below are presented gross without the impact of any net collateral arrangements:
Asset derivatives included in accrued income and other assets:
Liability derivatives included in accrued expenses and other liabilities:
The changes in fair value of the fair value hedges are, to the extent that the hedging relationship is effective, recorded through earnings and offset against changes in the fair value of the hedged item.
The following table presents the change in fair value for derivatives designated as fair value hedges as well as the offsetting change in fair value on the hedged item:
The following table presents the gains and (losses) recognized in OCI and the location in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income of gains and (losses) reclassified from OCI into earnings for derivatives designated as effective cash flow hedges:
Reclassified gains and losses on swaps related to loans and investment securities and swaps related to subordinated debt are recorded within interest income and interest expense, respectively. During the next twelve months, Huntington expects to reclassify to earnings approximately $(3) million after-tax of unrealized gains (losses) on cash flow hedging derivatives currently in OCI.
To the extent these derivatives are effective in offsetting the variability of the hedged cash flows, changes in the derivatives’ fair value will not be included in current earnings but are reported as a component of OCI in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity. These changes in fair value will be included in earnings of future periods when earnings are also affected by the changes in the hedged cash flows. To the extent these derivatives are not effective, changes in their fair values are immediately included in noninterest income.
The following table presents the gains and (losses) recognized in noninterest income for the ineffective portion of interest rate contracts for derivatives designated as cash flow hedges for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2017 and 2016:
Derivatives used in mortgage banking activities
Mortgage loan origination hedging activity
Huntington’s mortgage origination hedging activity is related to the hedging of the mortgage pricing commitments to customers and the secondary sale to third parties. The value of a newly originated mortgage is not firm until the interest rate is committed or locked. The interest rate lock commitments are derivative positions offset by forward commitments to sell loans.
Huntington uses two types of mortgage-backed securities in its forward commitments to sell loans. The first type of forward commitment is a “To Be Announced” (or TBA), the second is a “Specified Pool” mortgage-backed security. Huntington uses these derivatives to hedge the value of mortgage-backed securities until they are sold.
The following table summarizes the derivative assets and liabilities used in mortgage banking activities:
MSR hedging activity
Huntington’s MSR economic hedging activity uses securities and derivatives to manage the value of the MSR asset and to mitigate the various types of risk inherent in the MSR asset, including risks related to duration, basis, convexity, volatility, and yield curve. The hedging instruments include forward commitments, interest rate swaps, and options on interest rate swaps.
The total notional value of these derivative financial instruments at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, was $0.2 billion and $0.3 billion, respectively. The total notional amount at March 31, 2017, corresponds to trading assets with a fair value of $1 million and trading liabilities with a fair value of $2 million. Net trading gains and (losses) related to MSR hedging for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, were $(1) million and $12 million, respectively. These amounts are included in mortgage banking income in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
Derivatives used in trading activities
Various derivative financial instruments are offered to enable customers to meet their financing and investing objectives and for their risk management purposes. Derivative financial instruments used in trading activities consisted of commodity, interest rate, and foreign exchange contracts. The derivative contracts grant the option holder the right to buy or sell an underlying financial instrument for a predetermined price before the contract expires. Huntington may enter into offsetting third-party contracts with approved, reputable counterparties with substantially matching terms and currencies in order to economically hedge significant exposure related to derivatives used in trading activities.
The interest rate risk of customer derivatives is mitigated by entering into similar derivatives having offsetting terms with other counterparties. The credit risk to these customers is evaluated and included in the calculation of fair value. Foreign currency derivatives help the customer hedge risk and reduce exposure to fluctuations in exchange rates. Transactions are primarily in liquid currencies with Canadian dollars and Euros comprising a majority of all transactions.
The net fair values of these derivative financial instruments, for which the gross amounts are included in accrued income and other assets or accrued expenses and other liabilities at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, were $81 million and $80 million, respectively. The total notional values of derivative financial instruments used by Huntington on behalf of customers, including offsetting derivatives, were $21.0 billion and $20.6 billion at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. Huntington’s credit risks from interest rate swaps used for trading purposes were $171 million and $196 million at the same dates, respectively.
Share Swap Economic Hedge
Huntington acquires and holds shares of Huntington common stock in a Rabbi Trust for the Executive Deferred Compensation Plan. Huntington common stock held in the Rabbi Trust is recorded at cost and the corresponding deferred compensation liability is recorded at fair value using Huntington's share price as a significant input.
During the second quarter of 2016, Huntington entered into an economic hedge with a $20 million notional amount to hedge deferred compensation expense related to the Executive Deferred Compensation Plan. The economic hedge is recorded at fair value within other assets or liabilities. Changes in the fair value are recorded directly through other noninterest expense in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. At March 31, 2017, the fair value of the share swap was $10 million.
Risk Participation Agreements
Huntington periodically enters into risk participation agreements in order to manage credit risk of its derivative positions. These agreements transfer counterparty credit risk related to interest rate swaps to and from other financial institutions. Huntington can mitigate exposure to certain counterparties or take on exposure to generate additional income. Huntington’s notional exposure for interest rate swaps originated by other financial institutions was $596 million and $582 million at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. Huntington will make payments under these agreements if a customer defaults on its obligation to perform under the terms of the underlying interest rate derivative contract. The amount Huntington would have to pay if all counterparties defaulted on their swap contracts is the fair value of these risk participations, which was a positive value (receivable) of $4 million and $3 million at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. These contracts mature between 2017 and 2043 and are deemed investment grade.
Financial assets and liabilities that are offset in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
Huntington records derivatives at fair value as further described in Note 11. Huntington records these derivatives net of any master netting arrangement in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Collateral agreements are regularly entered into as part of the underlying derivative agreements with Huntington’s counterparties to mitigate counterparty credit risk.
All derivatives are carried on the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value. Derivative balances are presented on a net basis taking into consideration the effects of legally enforceable master netting agreements. Cash collateral exchanged with counterparties is also netted against the applicable derivative fair values. Huntington enters into derivative transactions with two primary groups: broker-dealers and banks, and Huntington’s customers. Different methods are utilized for managing counterparty credit exposure and credit risk for each of these groups.
Huntington enters into transactions with broker-dealers and banks for various risk management purposes. These types of transactions generally are high dollar volume. Huntington enters into bilateral collateral and master netting agreements with these counterparties, and routinely exchange cash and high quality securities collateral with these counterparties. Huntington enters into transactions with customers to meet their financing, investing, payment and risk management needs. These types of transactions generally are low dollar volume. Huntington generally enters into master netting agreements with customer counterparties, however collateral is generally not exchanged with customer counterparties.
At March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, aggregate credit risk associated with these derivatives, net of collateral that has been pledged by the counterparty, was $27 million and $26 million, respectively. The credit risk associated with interest rate swaps is calculated after considering master netting agreements with broker-dealers and banks.
At March 31, 2017, Huntington pledged $140 million of investment securities and cash collateral to counterparties, while other counterparties pledged $78 million of investment securities and cash collateral to Huntington to satisfy collateral netting agreements. In the event of credit downgrades, Huntington would not be required to provide additional collateral.
The following tables present the gross amounts of these assets and liabilities with any offsets to arrive at the net amounts recognized in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016:
Offsetting of Financial Assets and Derivative Assets
Offsetting of Financial Liabilities and Derivative Liabilities
The entire disclosure for derivative instruments and hedging activities including, but not limited to, risk management strategies, non-hedging derivative instruments, assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and methodologies and assumptions used in determining the amounts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef